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What is Your Favorite Animal?

elephant facts


Elephant Facts

Elephant Facts: A family of African Elephants with a three week old baby and another young elephant walking in single file in Botswana.

A family of African Elephants with a three-week-old baby.

Who doesn’t love elephants, the largest land animal on earth, and want to learn more elephant facts? Of the 2 main species, African and Asian, the African elephants are larger, with tusks on both males and females. Asian elephants have much smaller bodies and ears and tusks only grow on males. And of course, they live in completely different environments with the African elephant living on the hot plains of Africa and the Asian in the cooler jungles of Asia.


All elephants are highly intelligent and social animals with the females often living in the same herd for 60-70 years. A keystone species, elephants help maintain the balance of the ecosystem in which they live. They disperse seeds extensively, with one study showing they spread the seeds of 96 plants over a 35-mile radius helping biodiversity in the forest.

Tragically, African elephant populations have declined by 30% over the last 10 years with only about 400,000 left in the entire wild. And the plight of Asian elephants is even worse with only about 50,000 left. The biggest threat: poachers killing the animals solely for their tusks which are made into jewelry, sculpture, and ornaments. Loss of habitat and conflicts with farmers over crops have contributed even further to their decline. Elephants have truly reached a tipping point with more elephants dying each year than  being born.

Our Experience with Elephants

Elephant Facts: African and Asian Elephants are endangered. Here Loti Woods is feeding an Asian elephant

Loti feeding an Asian Elephant in Thailand.

Both Dale and I have traveled in Africa observing these beautiful creatures up close and personal. Dale spent two weeks in Tanzania in 2013, one of nine international artists in Artist Ambassadors Against Poaching. Their mission was to create art inspired by this expedition to raise awareness and funds to combat the slaughter of elephants through illegal poaching. His African elephant sculptures reflect his experiences from this trip.

elephant facts

Fractured Existence, an elephant sculpture by Dale Weiler

I traveled to Botswana in 2007 and Kenya in 2014 with memorable close encounters with numerous animal herds. One highlight was to get close enough to a three-week-old baby to take some great photos. And in northern Thailand, I was able to feed and observe Asian elephants with their mahouts or caretakers.


What Can We Do?

What can we do, especially living so far away? You can support international wildlife groups including the African Wildlife Foundation. Or go local with groups such as The Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee which provides lifetime care for rescued Asian and African elephants.

Or get involved with a zoo that practices conservation. We recently joined the NC Zoo, as lifetime members. They have many animal conservation initiatives including one supporting Asian elephants in Vietnam.

And great International news: in December 2017 China announced a ban on all domestic ivory trade. The US implemented a similar ban in June, 2016. We need to continue to pressure other countries to do the same.

elephant facts

An African elephant. Photo Martin Olsen

Learn More


African Wildlife Foundation
David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust
The NC Zoo 

The Elephant Sanctuary in Tennessee



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