Let’s start with a question. What is the most endangered wild animal in the US?
- Black-footed ferret
- Eastern hellbender
- Gray bat
- Red wolf
If your pick is the critically endangered red wolf, you are right! And of course, the photos might have given you a clue! So what makes an animal endangered?
Well, let’s start at the beginning. Any animal or plant that is so rare it might go extinct is considered endangered. And going extinct means it is gone forever. It ceases to exist. Pretty scary since once it is gone, it can’t be brought back. Except maybe by cloning but that is a story for another day.
With less than 25 endangered red wolves left in the wild, they are on the brink of extinction. But the promising thing? Endangered also means there is hope of saving them.
And we need your help! But why should you care? Let’s find out.
What is to love about red wolves?
We fell in love with red wolves at the NC Zoo. It was love at first sight! Just like Dale & me. Some of you know our story of getting engaged in 8 days which you can read about in our blog “Falling in Love“. But I digress.
One of the most endearing thing to us about red wolves is they mate for life. When you think about only 3-5% of all mammals mate for life, these wolves are pretty remarkable.
And not only do they mate for life, but the male & female care for their pups together. Again, a mere 5-10 % of father mammals help care for their offspring. Wow, I had no idea. Now you are starting to see why our endangered red wolves are so special! They are outstanding, caring parents who both take on the responsibility of pup rearing.
Red wolves have such a challenging time increasing their populations because they only give birth once a year in the spring. Puppy litters range from 2 to 8, with only about 50% of the pups surviving in the wild until the age of one.
But once born, the male brings food to the mom while she is nursing and caring for the pups. The newborns are blind and completely helpless until about 2 weeks old. After 3 weeks, the pups will start exploring their surroundings. And while it sure is tough being a pup, especially if born in the wild, they love to play, horse around with each other and generally annoy their mom & dad.
And just like the American bald eagle, if we band together, we can save them from extinction. And while they only live wild in Eastern North Carolina right now, their historical range goes from New York to South Florida and west to Texas. The hope is once the wild population in NC gets better established, they will be reintroduced in other parts of their historical range.
Red wolves don’t eat people!
So shouldn’t we all be afraid of red wolves? Remember Little Red Riding Hood & The Three Little Pigs? And the short & long answers are absolutely not. They are way more afraid of us than we are of them.
In the history of the world (and that is a very, very long time), how many human attacks or fatalities have there been from red wolves? Not one, ever!
And in 33 years of the red wolf recovery program, there have only been 7 livestock depredations, consisting mostly of chickens and barn cats. That is remarkable and reinforces our love of red wolves.
And why are wolves important?
We sometimes hear hunters say the wolves are eating all the deer. And our response? Let’s talk.
Wildlands Network has been working on documenting the effect red wolves have on both the deer & the quail population. And the results show both the deer & quail numbers increase when wolves are on the landscape. Hmmm.
Why? Well, the wolves generally eat the sick & weak deer which helps keep the herds healthy. As to quail, the wolves eat raccoons & opossums (and don’t get us wrong, we love these critters too) which feed on the quail eggs. This goes for other songbirds, too. The more eggs that hatch, the more birds.
You can learn more in the Wildlands Network film Red Wolves’ Last Stronghold. Most of the hunters we talk to or who watch the film want to learn more and often become advocates for red wolves when they hear the study results.
We love endangered red wolves because…
So to recap, we love endangered red wolves because:
- They are the most endangered wild animal in America
- Mating for life makes them fairly unique in the mammal world
- They are amazing parents with both the male & female caring for their young
- Red wolves only have one litter of pups a year and they will melt your heart
- As the only wolf solely native to the US, they are an American treasure
- Never in the history of the world have they harmed or killed a person.
- Where red wolves live in the wild, other animals (including deer, raccoons, and quail) are kept in balance
To learn more and help
Check out our Red Wolves Are Amazing section including the latest blogs and fun facts. Learn all you can about America’s red wolf.
For free photos, films and videos to download, see our Red Wolf Gallery. Photographers, filmmakers & red wolf partner facilities have donated the use of their images to help you spread awareness of these magnificent animals.
Share posts on social media or wherever anyone will listen.
If you are a teacher, contact us at [email protected] to discuss lesson plans and other red wolf curricula.
And if you would like to donate your time or make a financial donation, we welcome your help. Just hit the donate button at the top of the page or contact us at [email protected]. You will be helping us make a difference and we thank you.